讲座报告 Seminar
MEL Seminar: Introducing water-stressed shrubland into the Canadian Land Surface Scheme  

【时间 Time】:2018-10-11 (星期四) 10:00am-11:00am    【浏览次数 Count】:500   【发布时间 Updated】:2018-9-28
【地点 Venue】:周隆泉楼一楼多功能厅   Multi-function Hall, 1st Floor of Zhou Long Quan Bldg
【主讲人 Speaker】:孙珊珊,访问学者   
【来访单位 Institution】:加拿大自然科学和工程研究理事会(NSERC),加拿大     
【邀请人 Host】:杨小怡  Xiaoyi Yang      【联络人 Contact】:黄迎   Ying Huang 2181571

Abstract:
The potential impact of shrub expansion on the ecosystem is still under debate. In this study, we parameterized shrubland in the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS) as its fifth plant functional type. We then used CLASS to simulate the hydrological processes in water-stressed shrub-covered sites in the US Southwest and the Mediterranean. CLASS overestimates evapotranspiration (ET) and underestimates runoff at the annual time scale. Rainy season ET overestimation is attributable to the overestimation of soil evaporation. In the Mediterranean, plant transpiration demonstrates low sensitivity to water stress during dry summers. Overly early depletion of soil water leads to the consequent underestimation of ET at the end of dry seasons. In addition, the ratio of transpiration to total ET is underestimated compared with observations. We calibrated the hydrological processes in CLASS accordingly, with the aim of reducing soil evaporation (which dominates ET in the wet seasons) and increasing the sensitivity of plant transpiration to water stress. Realistic simulation of shrubland’s hydrological processes, especially shrub transpiration, is the prerequisite for realistic representations of shrub regions’ biophysical and biochemical impacts on ecosystems.

Bio:
美国康涅狄格大学土木与环境工程系环境工程专业博士, 2012年5月
中国科学院大气物理研究所大气科学专业硕士, 2008年5月
南京信息工程大学大气科学专业学士, 2004年8月