该研究成果在7月29日以“不同光强和氮源对氮限制生长下的颗石藻（大洋球石藻）的钙化和生理的影响”为题，发表在Limnology and Oceanography期刊上。论文的第一作者是2014级博士生佟善英，通讯作者为高坤山教授。
Figure. Cellular PIC content (a), PIC/POC ratio (b) and PIC production rate (c) in NO3- and NH4+ grown cultures under nitrogen limited conditions at LL (50 μmol m-1s-1), ML (190 μmol m-1s-1) and HL (400 μmol m-1s-1). The different letters above the bars indicate significant differences among the treatments (p < 0.05). The values are the means and error bars are standard deviations for triplicate cultures at each treatment.
Gephyrocapsa oceanica is a widespread species of coccolithophore that has a significant impact on the global carbon cycle through photosynthesis and calcium carbonate precipitation. We investigated combined effects of light (50, 190 and 400 μmol m-2s-1) and the nitrogen sources and NH4+ on its physiological performance under nitrogen-limited conditions. The specific growth rate was highest at the mid-range light level of 190 μmol m-2s-1, where it was further accelerated by NH4+ relative to NO3-. There were no significant growth rate differences between NO3- and NH4+ grown cells at the two light levels either above or below this optimum irradiance. Cellular particulate organic carbon (POC) and nitrogen (PON) content were not significantly affected by different light intensities and nitrogen sources. However, both the cellular particulate inorganic carbon (PIC) content and the PIC to POC ratio were greatly decreased by increased light levels, and were further decreased by NH4+ only at the highest light level. Non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) increased with increasing light intensity, and was higher in NO3- rather than in NH4+ grown cells at medium and high light intensities. Our results demonstrate that under low, relatively realistic oceanic nitrogen concentrations, increasing light intensity and the replacement of NO3- and NH4+ would have a significant negative effect on the calcification of the coccolithophore G. oceanica. If these findings are also applicable to other coccolithophore species, the future ocean carbon cycle may be greatly affected.
Reference: Tong S, Hutchins D, Fu F, Gao K (2016). Effects of varying growth irradiance and nitrogen sources on calcification and physiological performance of the coccolithophore Gephyrocapsa oceanica grown under nitrogen limitation. Limnology and Oceanography, doi: 10.1002/lno.10371
Link to full text: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/lno.10371/full